What Do You Know About Ford Truck Engines?


By: Ian Fortey

6 Min Quiz

Image: Wiki Commons by Cristianv14

About This Quiz

No auto manufacturer in history is more synonymous with the idea of trucks than Ford. They've been cranking these things out for literally over a century at this point and in that time they've innovated every single aspect of what a truck means from the tires to the interior dome lighting to the layout of lights on the dash. And make no mistake, the engine has always been at the forefront of Ford truck design. From their classic and beloved V8 that's still in demand today for vintage roadsters to the newer fuel-efficient models like the EcoBoost engines, Ford is all about performance and efficiency. There's a lot going on under the hood of a Ford, and there always has been.

Whether you're driving your Ford for pleasure or you're hauling massive machinery and material at work, there's a truck model for you out there with an engine to match. In fact, there's a good chance Ford has more engine designs and features than you realize. But if you have the feeling that you have what it takes to break down some of the essentials in a Ford engine, then why not take the quiz and show us what you've got.

Why do we call it a "V" engine anyway?

The "V" in any engine name, sometimes written out as "vee engine," is a reference to how the engine looks from the side. The piston cylinders are at an angle to each other, creating the shape of the letter "V."


Do you know what a 6.8L Triton V10 gasoline engine can be modified to run on?

The 6.8L Triton V10 engine is a bit of a beast and you can find it in something like a Ford F-750 truck. They can be converted to run on either propane or compressed natural gas to save fuel costs.


What did Ford call their large-displacement V8 engine meant to compete with the Chrysler Hemi?

The Ford Boss engine started life under the internal name of "Hurricane" but that didn't last long. After some delay in development in 2005, they renamed it the "Boss" to be more sensitive in the wake of the destruction caused by Hurricane Katrina.


Do you remember what kind of engine the 1993 Ford SVT Lightning was equipped with?

Developed as part of the 10th generation of the Ford F-series, the SVT Lightning had a 5.8L V8 engine and was first produced from 1993 to 1995. It was brought back in 1999 until 2004 but now the Raptor mostly covers the same ground.


If you haul a lot with your truck, should you get a diesel engine or a Ford EcoBoost engine?

Diesel is a more energy-dense fuel than gasoline overall and the result is more power produced by less fuel. While an EcoBoost engine is designed to amp up the output of regular gasoline, if you're doing a lot of serious hauling then a diesel engine likely has the torque-heavy attributes you want.


What size gasoline engine does the 2020 Ford Super Duty offer?

With the largest V8 gasoline engine in its class, the 2020 Ford F-250 and F-350 Super Duty are decked out with a beastly 7.3L V8. Ford effectively phased out V8 engines years ago in favor of fuel-efficient V6's so this new model is something of a surprise.


When Ford developed its V8 engine crankshaft, what innovation did they come up with?

Prior to the Ford flathead V8, the standard practice was for the crank to be made from forged steel. Ford improved on that practice and found a way to produce the crank from cast steel, making it just as strong but markedly cheaper overall.


For how long did Ford produce its straight-6 engines?

Ford's straight-6 engine was manufactured from 1941 until 1996 when it was replaced by a more compact design. If you want to get super technical, there was a straight-6 in the 1906-1907 Model K, but Henry Ford didn't like it and it was 1941 when the next version that remained in continuous use came out.


What did the twin-turbocharged EcoBoost V6 replace in SVT Raptors?

Older model Ford SVT Raptors came with a 6.2L V8 engine, but that was swapped out in favor of 450-horsepower 3.5-liter twin-turbocharged EcoBoost V6 in an effort to improve overall fuel economy.


Which of these engines is giving you the most horsepower?

If it's horsepower you want, then you need the H.O. EcoBoost Twin-Turbocharged V6. It pulls about 450 horsepower and is an available option for any new Ford F-150 if you're willing to pay for it.


Do you know in what year Ford first introduced its Flathead V8 engine?

Although Ford didn't invent the V8 engine, they did make it much more popular after they introduced their version in 1932. The Ford V8 was arguably the first V8 available for the consumer that made it a reasonable thing for someone to own in a personal vehicle.


What did the Y-block get replaced with in Ford vehicles?

Ford's FE engine replaced the Y-block which, in the grand scheme of things, didn't last long at all. FE stood for "Ford Edsel" and was used in trucks and buses from 1964 to 1978.


What other car manufacturer helped Ford develop the EcoBoost engine?

FPV Engineering out of Germany and Mazda originally co-developed the EcoBoost engine which Ford now uses across its whole lineup of vehicles. The 2L and the 2.3L are turbocharged versions of the L engine created by Mazda.


What's the name of the V6 engines introduced by Ford in 2006?

The Ford Cyclone engine is currently found in F-150s and the 2020 Ford Explorer Hybrid. They also go by the name Duratec, which is an older name Ford used for engines even though the Cyclone and those older Duratec engines are designed in a totally different way.


Ford called these engines Triton. What did Lincoln call the same thing?

The Ford modular engine which was used by Ford under the name Triton from 1997 until the year 2010 was also used in some Lincoln vehicles. They opted for the name InTech, however, for the DOHC version they used.


What was the last year and model that the flathead engine was used in the US?

The 1954 F-100 marked the end of the flathead engine in America, though it was still used in other countries, including Canada. The second-generation F-series trucks moved on up to the Power King engine, a 239 CID overhead valve Y-block V8.


What intimidating name does the 7.3-liter gas engine Ford designed for Super Duty trucks go by?

In December of 2018, word started going around about a brand new engine expected to be ready for 2020 models. It would be used in F-150 Raptors and was expected to also be able to fit in a Mustang as well. The name they were using? Godzilla.


What engine were you going to find in a 1941 F-1 pickup truck?

The very first Ford F-series trucks that were properly built as trucks and not just older models people had converted to flatbeds were produced in 1948 and came with a 226 CID Flathead 6 which was used, along with a few other designs, for the F-1 through F-6 models.


Ford used to have a 4.2L V6 engine that ended production in 2008. What was the last truck they put it in?

2008 was the final model year that the Ford F-150 was available with the V6 Essex engine. In the following year, all 2009 models came with a V8 until 2011 when the 3.7 L Duratec was introduced.


What company mostly used Ford 300 cu in (4.9L) Six engines in their vehicles?

UPS trucks were generally outfitted with 300 Six engines, and though the company has converted a lot of their fleet to diesel, many of their trucks still do use these engines though they stopped being manufactured in 1996.


Which of these is a variant of Ford's Coyote V8?

If there's one thing Ford likes to do it's come up with clever engine names. The 5.0L Coyote V8 had several variations including the 5.2L Voodoo, Aluminator and Predator, all of which are being designed for Mustangs as opposed to the Coyote itself which is in the F-150.


How much better is the fuel efficiency with an EcoBoost engine supposed to be?

Ford developed the EcoBoost engine to compete with larger displacement engines without being a larger displacement engine itself. It's supposed to deliver about 30% greater fuel-efficiency as a result and produces 15% fewer greenhouse gas emissions.


In what year did Ford drop its M-series engine completely?

Ford put its 5.8L 351M and 6.6L 400 cu in V8 engines to bed in 1982. They were replaced with a 4.2 liter 255 cu in and a 5.8L 351 cu in Windsor V8. The change was meant to be a marked improvement in fuel efficiency.


When did Ford introduce the Y-block engine?

The Y-Block engine was introduced in 1954 and was a replacement for the Ford Flathead V8 that, at that point in time, was essentially outdated technology. It stayed in use in Ford trucks for the next decade though it was replaced earlier in cars


The H.O. EcoBoost Twin-Turbocharged V6 outshines a V8 in almost every way. How is it lacking?

Despite having superior horsepower and superior torque, the one field the H.O. EcoBoost Twin-Turbocharged V6 is lacking compared to the V8 options available for a Ford F-150 is towing capacity. The V8 can haul 11,600 lbs while he EcoBoost is limited to 8,000 lbs.


Do you know the displacement of the original Ford Flathead V8?

That first Ford flathead V8 had a displacement of 221 cubic inches (3.6L). All things being equal, that's not too far off the mark of various engines that are still in use today, so it's not like the technology was laughably prehistoric.


What was the largest version of the flathead V8 that Ford ever made?

The 337 Ford Flathead V8 was a beast of an engine designed for large truck service that still found its way into passenger cars. It was a 336 cu in (5.5L) engine and was produced back in 1948. It was replaced by the Lincoln Y-Block 317.


What kind of torque was the 2015 Ford Powerstroke producing?

The 2015 Powerstroke had a 6.6-liter Power Stroke V8 engine that produced 860 lb.-ft. and 444 horsepower. That was nearly double the torque output of what trucks had been doing perhaps a decade earlier.


What was the engine output of the 3-valve 6.8L V10 in the Ford Super Duty truck?

Produced from 2005 to 2010, if you had one of these Super Duty trucks the engine was kicking out 362 horsepower and was, in fact, the exact same engine that they had installed in Blue Bird Vision school buses.


Which of these engines is giving you the lowest MPG in the city?

Despite sounding pretty impressive on the screen, the H.O. EcoBoost Twin-Turbocharged V6 will give you the lowest MPG of any engine in a 2019 Ford truck model, at about 15 MPG city and 18 MPG highway. The 3.0L Power Stroke Turbo Diesel V6 offers 23 MPG city and 30 MPG highway.


What did Ford develop to replace its Duratorq engine?

The diesel EcoBlue engine began development in 2016 and is being rolled out as a replacement for Duratorq engines. The 2018 Ford Ranger Raptor featured an EcoBlue engine and it is expected to be rolled out for a number of vehicles in the future.


The 2008 Ford Ranger was the last production vehicle available with what engine?

The Ford Vulcan V6 engined was last available in the 2008 Ford Ranger, which was the only truck model that actually made use of the Vulcan V6. Previously it had also been used in the Taurus, the Aerostar, the Probe and the Tempo, as well as the Mercury Sable and Mercury Topaz.


In what year did F-series engine output surpass 200 hp for the first time ever?

It was the fourth generation of the F-series that first experienced engine output of over 200 hp in 1965-1966. It was the 352 cu in (5.8L) FE V8 engine and its 208 hp engine that made it possible.


In what year did Ford introduce the Super Duty engine?

Super Duty engines came on the scene in 1958. They were replacements for the Lincoln Y-Block V8 which was Ford's earliest pushrod V8 engine and had been introduced back in 1952.


Do you know the tow-rating for the Power Stroke turbo-diesel 6.7-liter V8 engine in the F-450?

According to Ford, the 2019 Ford F-450 Super Duty towing capacity is a mind-boggling 21,000 lbs. Compare that to the 2019 Toyota Tacoma which has about 6,500 lbs of towing capacity.


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